She worked as a teacher in Mufulira. Kenneth Kaunda in , who was involved in freedom struggle and later went on to become the first President of independent Zambia. In his own words in his book Letter to My Children, Betty was the strength behind him all through their 66 years of relationship as she took care of the children in his absence. The colonial administration sent Dr.
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She worked as a teacher in Mufulira. Kenneth Kaunda in , who was involved in freedom struggle and later went on to become the first President of independent Zambia. In his own words in his book Letter to My Children, Betty was the strength behind him all through their 66 years of relationship as she took care of the children in his absence.
The colonial administration sent Dr. Kaunda to jail and she took to charcoal burning to feed the family. She is believed received multiple threats and coercions during those days, but she never gave up to the threats.
In her own words, "The colonial administrators threatened to send us back to the villages after our husbands were arrested, but we refused". She mentioned that the letters she received from her husband during those days were source of strength to her.
He instructed her not to move from their house in Chilenje. As the First Lady, she was part of many diplomatic visits and matron of many organizations. She authored her auto biography along with Stephen A. Mpashi and the book was brought out during Betty had been active in opposing the encouragement of political parties to offer beer to youths, reflecting thoughts of her husband who threatened to quit presidency on account of excessive drinking prevalent in the society.
She was involved in collecting donations during a copper mine accident, which left several killed. Betty suffered from diabetes for many years. She died in the early hours of 19 September in Harare while visiting her daughter.
Kaunda and the other family members left for Harare to receive her body. She was 83 when she died and survived by her husband, eight children, 30 grandchildren and eleven great grandchildren.
She followed Christianity and her final rites were performed based on Christian practices. The mass at the Cathedral of Holy Cross in Lusaka organized on 28 September on her memoir was attended by diplomats from other countries, state officials and thousands of Zambians. The government declared three days of national mourning, while the TV and radio stations played hymns dedicated to her during the morning and evening.
Her burial was planned initially was Lubwa Mission, but was moved to the capital Lusaka on account of waning health of Dr.
He played a paramount role in the formation of independent movement in Zambia. In the course of his doctrine, Kaunda served as a Southern African defendant. All he wanted is to move away from the British rule, and so he resigned as an African National Congress member. After a short period, he founded the Zambian African National Congress which supported the fairness of black people. Due to the British rule, the Congress was banned.
Both taught among the Bemba ethnic group in northern Zambia, where young Kaunda received his early education, completing secondary school in the early s. Like the majority of Africans in colonial Zambia who achieved some measure of middle-class status, he also began to teach, first in colonial Zambia and in the middle s in Tanganyika now Tanzania. Struggle against colonial rule Kaunda returned to Zambia in In that year he became interpreter and adviser on African affairs to Sir Stewart Gore-Browne, a liberal white settler and a member of the Northern Rhodesian Legislative Council. Kaunda acquired knowledge of the colonial government as well as political skills, both of which served him well when later that year he joined the African National Congress ANC , the first major anticolonial organization in Northern Rhodesia.
Kenneth David Kaunda life and biography
Early life[ edit ] Kaunda was the youngest of eight children. His father was the Reverend David Kaunda, an ordained Church of Scotland missionary and teacher, who was born in Nyasaland now Malawi and had moved to Chinsali to work at Lubwa Mission. His father was from Nyasaland, also known as Malawi and his mother was the first African woman to teach in colonial Zambia. They were both teachers among the bamba ethnic group which is location in northern Zambia. This is where Kaunda received his education until the early s. It was very common during this time for Africans in colonial Zambia who has achieved a little bit of middle-class status.