BUNDESWEHR DIENSTGRADE HEER PDF

Rank structure[ edit ] In all three branches of the German armed forces there are three career paths: officers Offiziere , NCOs Unteroffiziere, non-commissioned officers and enlisted soldiers Mannschaften. The names of ranks in the army and air force are identical; those of the navy and of medical officers are different. Female soldiers hold the same rank as their male counterparts. Retired soldiers may obtain a permission to wear dress uniform on formal social occasions. While doing so, their uniform shows their non-active status by a supplemental twisted black-red-gold cord, worn on the lower end of the rank-epaulettes Navy: Golden letter R on epaulettes or jacket sleeve.

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Rank structure[ edit ] In all three branches of the German armed forces there are three career paths: officers Offiziere , NCOs Unteroffiziere, non-commissioned officers and enlisted soldiers Mannschaften. The names of ranks in the army and air force are identical; those of the navy and of medical officers are different. Female soldiers hold the same rank as their male counterparts. Retired soldiers may obtain a permission to wear dress uniform on formal social occasions.

While doing so, their uniform shows their non-active status by a supplemental twisted black-red-gold cord, worn on the lower end of the rank-epaulettes Navy: Golden letter R on epaulettes or jacket sleeve. The uniform also shows the branch and the emblem of the last unit the soldier has served in. Like in the active duty, epaulettes demonstrate rank, supplemented by a colored cord which shows the branch the soldier is serving.

Reservists have the same promotion periods and service times as active soldiers. Reservists can go through a part of military exercises when they are summoned to join a unit.

Promotion[ edit ] The promotion ceremony is performed during a regular unit meeting, at a special event or in private. A suitable commander will announce the promotion by reading the order to that effect, while the soldiers to be promoted will stand forward at attention facing the unit.

If regular battledress is worn, it is customary that two fellow soldiers from the same rank group, but slightly senior, replace the shoulder strap sleeves from both sides with a pair indicating the new rank.

They will then stand in front of the soldier and apply a simultaneous slap with one outstretched arm each on the respective shoulder, so as if to indicate the added weight and responsibility of the new rank. See also Enlisted personnel[ edit ] Enlisted personnel Mannschaften were largely made up of conscripts serving their term which could be voluntarily extended to a maximum total of 23 months.

Since July , compulsory military service has now been suspended during peacetime. Since this was replaced by a purely voluntary service, still a large part of the enlisted personnel are serving less than two years voluntary military service — two years or more contracts are called Soldier for a Period of Time.

After an additional three months of service usually consisting of special training required for their branch of service a soldier is usually promoted to Obergefreiter rank unless they fail even most basic requirements.

Enlisted soldiers will usually receive their Hauptgefreiter promotion after nine months to award outstanding performance or after twelve months of service. With higher qualification it is also possible to be promoted to Hauptgefreiter by the first day. Soldiers may opt to sign long-term contracts as enlisted soldiers, but most enlisted soldiers serving long terms in fact applied for NCO non-commissioned officer careers but failed their training requirements and opted to serve their term as enlisted soldiers rather than being released from service immediately.

To be promoted to Oberstabsgefreiter a soldier requires at least four years of enlisted service. The most important distinction between NCOs and enlisted men is that the latter cannot give any order even to lower-ranking soldiers unless specific circumstances apply e. The rank Soldat is replaced by ranks specific to their Truppengattung branch of service : Flieger Flg Airman.

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